Land Use for Clearwater and Beltrami Counties, Minnesota

This page last updated: 04/06/2007
Metadata created using Minnesota Geographic Metadata Guidelines


Metadata Summary

Originator Department of Geography, Bemidji State University; Clearwater Soil and Water Conservation District; Beltrami Soil and Water Conservation District
Abstract An updated raster version of land use was created for Clearwater and Beltrami Counties in 1987, based on 1986 aerial photography. The original Land Management Information Center 40-acre (MLMIS40) 1969 land use classification for these counties was updated by the Beltrami and Clearwater Soil and Water Conservation Districts, using air photo interpretation. Information was updated by the Geography Department at Bemidji State University using the edit routines in the Environmental Planning Programming Language (EPPL7) software.
Browse Graphic View a sample of the data.
Time Period of Content Date 1986
Currentness Reference 1986, with the exception that most of the Red Lake Reservation in Clearwater and Beltrami Counties, and other portions of Beltrami County north of Red Lake, were not reinterpreted in 1987. The feeling was that in most of this area there had been little if any change in land use since 1969.
Access Constraints None
Use Constraints Acknowledgement of the appropriate developer agencies would be appreciated in products derived from these data.

Redistribution Conditions: In obtaining these data from LMIC, it is understood that you and/or your organization have the right to use them for any internal purpose. If you modify them, you should document those changes in a metadata record that should accompany all redistributed data. If you transmit or provide these data in any form to another user, the data MUST be accompanied by a copy of this disclaimer and all documentation provided with the original data set including the full metadata record.
Distributor Organization Minnesota Land Management Information Center (LMIC)
Ordering Instructions This data set is distributed on the internet by clicking below after Online Linkage. Doing so will tell your browser to start downloading a self-extracting 'ZIP' file which will contain the following:

- EPPL7 files for each county (belt87.epp, belt87.clr, belt87.leg for Beltrami County; clear87.epp, clear87.clr, clear87.leg for Clearwater County)
- ERDAS files for each county (belt87.gis and belt87.trl for Beltrami County; clear87.gis and clear87.trl for Clearwater County)
- Metadata (bsuluse.htm) file for the dataset
- NOTICE.RTF, an important notice about this data set that can be read by most word processing software, and an ascii text version of the same notice (NOTICE.TXT)

After downloading this self-extracting 'zip' file (which will have an 'exe' extension), simply execute (run) the file. (For example, you can double click it from Windows Explorer or File Manager). Doing this will automatically extract the files described above. You can then delete file types that you do not need, if any.
Online Linkage Click here to download data. (See Ordering Instructions above for details.) By clicking here, you agree to the notice in "Distribution Liability" in Section 6 of this metadata.

Full Metadata

Land Use for Clearwater and Beltrami Counties, Minnesota

Go to Section:
1. Identification Information
2. Data Quality Information
3. Spatial Data Organization Information
4. Spatial Reference Information
5. Entity and Attribute Information
6. Distribution Information
7. Metadata Reference Information

 
Section 1 Identification Information   Top of page
Originator Department of Geography, Bemidji State University; Clearwater Soil and Water Conservation District; Beltrami Soil and Water Conservation District
Title Land Use for Clearwater and Beltrami Counties, Minnesota
Abstract An updated raster version of land use was created for Clearwater and Beltrami Counties in 1987, based on 1986 aerial photography. The original Land Management Information Center 40-acre (MLMIS40) 1969 land use classification for these counties was updated by the Beltrami and Clearwater Soil and Water Conservation Districts, using air photo interpretation. Information was updated by the Geography Department at Bemidji State University using the edit routines in the Environmental Planning Programming Language (EPPL7) software.
Purpose To update available land use information to create a more recent land use data layer for use in Comprehensive Local Water Planning activities.
Time Period of Content Date 1986
Currentness Reference 1986, with the exception that most of the Red Lake Reservation in Clearwater and Beltrami Counties, and other portions of Beltrami County north of Red Lake, were not reinterpreted in 1987. The feeling was that in most of this area there had been little if any change in land use since 1969.
Progress Complete
Maintenance and Update Frequency Irregular
Spatial Extent of Data Beltrami and Clearwater Counties, Minnesota
Bounding Coordinates -95.60
-94.41
48.55
47.15
Place Keywords Clearwater County, Beltrami County, Minnesota
Theme Keywords imageryBaseMapsEarthCover, Land Use, Land Cover, Land Type, Vegetation Cover
Theme Keyword Thesaurus ISO 19115 Topic Category
Access Constraints None
Use Constraints Acknowledgement of the appropriate developer agencies would be appreciated in products derived from these data.

Redistribution Conditions: In obtaining these data from LMIC, it is understood that you and/or your organization have the right to use them for any internal purpose. If you modify them, you should document those changes in a metadata record that should accompany all redistributed data. If you transmit or provide these data in any form to another user, the data MUST be accompanied by a copy of this disclaimer and all documentation provided with the original data set including the full metadata record.
Contact Person Information Dr. Charles Parson, Professor of Geography; Director of Regional Studies and Mapping Center
Department of Geography, Bemidji State University

Bemidji, Minnesota 56601
Phone: (218) 755-2805
FAX: (218) 755-2822
E-mail: charlie@vax1.bemidji.msus.edu
Browse Graphic View a sample of the data.
Browse Graphic File Description
Associated Data Sets 1. The predecessor data set is the 1969 land use data available as part of the MGC100 Data Set at LMIC. For more information see: http://www.lmic.state.mn.us/chouse/metadata/mgc100.html The 1969 land use file is also available for download as a free-standing data set in EPPL and ERDAS formats. See http://www.lmic.state.mn.us/chouse/metadata/luse69.html

2. The Clearwater and Beltrami County land use updates, along with 1989-90 updates from the rest of the state, were converted into a consistent, generalized, 8-category land use base map and data set, 'Land Use - 1990's Census of the Land'. The 1:500,000-scale wall map is available for purchase from the Science Museum of Minnesota; the dataset is available from LMIC. For more information about the underlying dataset, see: http://www.lmic.state.mn.us/chouse/metadata/luse8.html

3. Updates have been done by the Department of Geography at Bemidji State University for primary growth areas in Beltrami county. Two townships around Blackduck and nine townships around Bemidji have been updated since 1995. This data is available from Bemidji State University on a township basis.

 
Section 2 Data Quality Information Top of full metadata Top of page
Attribute Accuracy Later review of the data has indicated that the most common misclassification of data, especially in Beltrami County, which was not field-verified, occurred between the wetland and cultivated agriculture classifications: from the air photos, wetlands containing reed canary grass were confused with wheat production.
Logical Consistency
Completeness Certain areas - comprising most of the Red Lake Indian Reservation in Clearwater and Beltrami Counties, and other portions of Beltrami County north of Red Lake, were not reinterpreted in 1987. The feeling was that in most of this area there had been little if any change in land use since 1969. In those areas the land use classification represented is from 1969.
Horizontal Positional Accuracy Interpreted to 2.5-acre (100-meter) parcel in most areas, left as 1969 40-acre parcels in other areas: see 'Currentness Reference' for full description.
Lineage 1. Original 1969 land use: Land use was updated from the original 1969 MLMIS40 land use variable (epp.luse). For the original Minnesota statewide land use file, nine land use/land cover classes, based on the Anderson classification system, were interpreted from 1:90,000-scale black and white air photos, and were recorded for each 40-acre parcel in the state.

2. Georeferencing and conversion to 2.5-acre parcel: The 1987 land use update for Clearwater and Beltrami Counties was done at the 2.5-acre parcel level of resolution. As a base map for the updates, the 1969 40-acre land use file for each county was projected against the 'GISMO' tic file for georeferencing, and broken into 100-meter (2.5-acre) cells. (In a square section, each 40-acre parcel will have 16 2.5-acre cells; in an irregular section, there may be more or fewer 2.5-acre parcels.) This procedure basically georeferenced the 40-acre data to make it better reflect real world geography. The resulting 2.5-acre county EPPL files were provided to the Geography Department of Bemidji State University, along with large-format township 2.5-acre land use plots covering each county.

3. Update procedure: The 2.5-acre township plots were provided to staff of the Beltrami and Clearwater County Soil and Water Conservation Districts, who updated their respective land use maps for use in Comprehensive Local Water Planning activities. Base information for the updates were Agricultural Conservation and Stabilization Service (ASCS) 1986 air photo slides. Original slides were 33 mm. negatives for each square mile. The data entry source was basically 1:24,000 scale. Using the section photography, staff interpreted the land use and marked changes on the 2.5-acre township plots.

The Clearwater County land use interpretation was done by SWCD staff and was field-verified. The Beltrami County land use interpretation was done by university students working under the direction of SWCD staff. The Beltrami County land use interpretation was not field-verified.

Note that the two counties were not completely updated. SWCD staff identified certain portions of their respective counties where little or no land use change had occurred. These areas included most areas inside the Red Lake Reservation Boundary in both counties, and certain areas north of Red Lake in Beltrami County. These areas are distinguishable on the map as 40-acre blocks of homogeneous land use. These 40-acre blocks represent the original 1969 land use classification.

Land use classifications between 1969 and 1987 were also modified somewhat. Activities of specific interest to local water planning (such as rice paddies, farmsteads, and feedlots) were given their own categories. These are indicated by their 2-digit codes; the first digit representing the original, major category, and the second digit representing a more refined category. Although the general land use categories are more or less the same, the 1987 land use classification did not use the same operational definition as the 1969 land use. No operational definition or defining criteria for the land use classification remains.

The township base maps, with the updated parcels indicated, were returned to the Bemidji State University Geography Department. Students recorded the updates into the county EPPL files, using the EPPL software's EDIT routines. The updated data was re-plotted and checked.

4. Conversion to ERDAS format (2000). EPPL files were converted to ERDAS format using the EPPL 3.0c export routines.
Source Scale Denominator 24000
 
Section 3 Spatial Data Organization Information Top of full metadata Top of page
Native Data Set Environment EPPL7
Geographic Reference for Tabular Data
Spatial Object Type Raster
Vendor Specific Object Types Grid Cell
Tiling Scheme County files
 
Section 4 Spatial Reference Information Top of full metadata Top of page
Horizontal Coordinate Scheme UTM
Ellipsoid Clarke 1866
Horizontal Datum NAD27
Horizontal Units Meters
Distance Resolution
Cell Width 100
Cell Height 100
UTM Zone Number 15E
 
Section 5 Entity and Attribute Information Top of full metadata Top of page
Entity and Attribute Overview
Entity and Attribute Detailed Citation The land use files contain the following categories:

1: Forested
2: Agricultural-related
3: Water
4: Wetland
5: Residential
6: Extractive
7: Parklands
8: Non-Residential
9: Transportation
21: Rice Paddies
22: Farmsteads
23: Feedlots
71: Park/Open
72: Cemeteries
81: Institutions

The first digit of the land use classification can be used to recategorize all cells in terms of the 1969 MLMIS40 land use classification.
 
Section 6 Distribution Information Top of full metadata Top of page
Publisher Department of Geography, Bemidji State University
Publication Date 1987
Contact Person Information Nancy Rader
GIS Data Coordinator
Minnesota Land Management Information Center (LMIC)
300 Centennial Building; 658 Cedar Street
St. Paul, Minnesota 55155
Phone: 651.201.2489
FAX: 651.296.3698
E-mail: clearing.house@state.mn.us
Distributor's Data Set Identifier bsuluse
Distribution Liability Limitations: Although extensive effort has been made to produce error free and complete data, all geographic information has limitations due to the scale, resolution, date and interpretation of the original source materials. You should consult available data documentation (metadata) for these particular data to determine their limitations and the precision to which they depict distance, direction, location or other geographic characteristics. These data may be subject to periodic change without prior notification.

No Warranty: These data are provided as is, without any warranty whatsoever, including but not limited to any warranty as to their performance, merchantability, or fitness for any particular purpose.

Liability: The entire risk as to the results of the use of these data is assumed by the user. LMIC is not responsible for any interpretation or conclusions based on these data made by those who acquire or use it. LMIC shall not be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, compensatory or consequential damages or third party claims resulting from the use of these data, even if LMIC has been advised of the possibility of such potential loss or damage. In States that do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, you may not use these data.

Data Delivered on Electronic Media: If these data have been requested from LMIC on magnetic media, CD-ROM or any other physical media, LMIC will deliver this product in the computer-readable format agreed upon with the requestor. LMIC will re-issue these data if they are determined unreadable by correctly adjusted computer input devices, or when the medium is delivered in a damaged condition. Requests for re-issue of this digital data product must be made within 30 days of the date shipped from LMIC.
Transfer Format Name EPPL7 or ERDAS
Transfer Format Version Number EPPL7 vers. 3.0c
Transfer Size 0.3 MB as self-extracting zipfile; 1.4 MB ERDAS format; 0.3 MB EPPL7 format
Ordering Instructions This data set is distributed on the internet by clicking below after Online Linkage. Doing so will tell your browser to start downloading a self-extracting 'ZIP' file which will contain the following:

- EPPL7 files for each county (belt87.epp, belt87.clr, belt87.leg for Beltrami County; clear87.epp, clear87.clr, clear87.leg for Clearwater County)
- ERDAS files for each county (belt87.gis and belt87.trl for Beltrami County; clear87.gis and clear87.trl for Clearwater County)
- Metadata (bsuluse.htm) file for the dataset
- NOTICE.RTF, an important notice about this data set that can be read by most word processing software, and an ascii text version of the same notice (NOTICE.TXT)

After downloading this self-extracting 'zip' file (which will have an 'exe' extension), simply execute (run) the file. (For example, you can double click it from Windows Explorer or File Manager). Doing this will automatically extract the files described above. You can then delete file types that you do not need, if any.
Online Linkage Click here to download data. (See Ordering Instructions above for details.) By clicking here, you agree to the notice in "Distribution Liability" above.
 
Section 7 Metadata Reference Information Top of full metadata Top of page
Metadata Date 04/06/2007
Contact Person Information Susanne Maeder, GIS Data Coordinator
Minnesota Land Management Information Center (LMIC)
300 Centennial Building; 658 Cedar Street
St. Paul, Minnesota 55155
Phone: 651.201.2488
FAX: 651.296.3698
E-mail: clearing.house@state.mn.us
Metadata Standard Name Minnesota Geographic Metadata Guidelines
Metadata Standard Version 1.2
Metadata Standard Online Linkage http://www.lmic.state.mn.us/gc/stds/metadata.htm


This page last updated: 04/06/2007