Rivers and Streams Data for Minnesota

Aerial photo of rivers and streams with streams vector lineworkIn addition to its lakes, Minnesota's 92,000 miles of rivers and streams are a very important resource. This page references GIS datasets such as the National Hydrography Dataset, and DNR Hydrography streams base layer and derived layers, and the FEMA Floodways database. Links are provided to the DNR/PCA Cooperative Stream Gaging Program, USGS real-time river gage data, and PCA stream water quality assessments.
 

Categories

Hydrography: GIS and mapping data of rivers and streams, also including stream gage and floodway information

Quality: Both GIS and non-GIS data concerned with river and stream water quality

General: Miscellaneous river and stream data

 

Hydrography/Bathymetry

Name

Source*

Geographic Area

Scale

Time Period

Data Type

Description

National Hydrography Dataset USGS Nationwide 1:24,000 Current Vector GIS

The National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) is a national framework database of digital surface water features that are combined into "reaches" and a reach addressing system that provides a way to link water-related data to the surface drainage network. These links also enable the display and analysis of water data in upstream and downstream order.

MnDNR Hydrography: Streams

DNR

Statewide 1:24,000+ Current Vector GIS
Within the MnDNR Hydrography database, the 1D Stream Routes feature class is the base layer for many derived layers, including: Stream Confluences and Flow Direction, Stream Routes with Stream Types, and Stream Routes with Kittle Numbers and Mile Measures. The Kittle Routes layer contains stream names. For 2D river features, see DNR Hydrography: Lakes and Open Water.
Minnesota Trout Streams DNR Fisheries Statewide 1:24,000+ 2013 Vector GIS

This layer shows legally designated trout streams and trout stream tributaries as identified in Minnesota Rules Chapter 6264.

FEMA Flood Map Modernization

FEMA

In progress 1:24,000 Current Vector GIS
A DFIRM is the official digital map of a community on which FEMA has delineated the special flood hazard areas, i.e., the floodplain areas where flood insurance is required for loans and where communities will administer floodplain regulations. Layers include: Base Flood Elevations, Flood Hazard Zones, and Cross Sections. As part of a national 5-year map modernization effort, FEMA floodplain maps are being updated. If available, newer flood elevation data are being used, and newer elevation data (topography) are being used to draw the boundaries of the floodplain.

Statewide Altered Watercourse Project

MPCA, MnGeo

Complete 1:24,000 6/30/2013 Vector GIS
Stream channel modification (i.e., straightening of stream channels, removal of oxbows and dredging) is a significant source of habitat destruction in many freshwater ecosystems. MPCA needed a more accurate quantification of the extent of altered stream miles throughout the state to support its water quality assessment program. MPCA and MnGeo developed a methodology to categorize streams as 'natural', 'altered', or 'impounded'. This categorization was applied to all Minnesota streams in the National Hydrography Dataset.
DNR/PCA Cooperative Stream Gaging website DNR, PCA Statewide Various Current Web Application

This website provides access to (provisionally) current and historical stream level and quantity data from gage sites maintained through the DNR/PCA Cooperative Stream gaging network.

USGS Real Time Water Data for Minnesota

USGS

Statewide Various Current Web Application, Table
Website contains web map application of Daily Streamflow Conditions at USGS gages throughout Minnesota as well as links to streamflow, precipitation and ground-water tables.
Major Minnesota Rivers

DNR, LMIC

Statewide 1:24,000 1981 Vector GIS
This file represents stream centerline traces for the 52 most significant rivers in the state. It was derived from the River Kilometer Index Database created by the Minnesota DNR (see link below). The file provides a generalized river mapping file for large-area representation.
River Kilometer Index Database

DNR

Statewide 1:24,000 1981 Vector GIS
These files are the outcome of an early state rivers digitization effort. The Stream Trace Files represent stream trace centerlines of Minnesota rivers while the River Mile Points were derived from these traces. Data are tiled by DNR major watershed but the data download includes the entire state.
Digital Line Graph (DLG) Hydrography USGS Statewide 1:100,000 Various Vector GIS

This dataset represents all features represented as streams or rivers on the USGS 1:100,000-scale topographic map series. These data were extracted from the USGS 1:100,000-scale DLG data set using hydrography codes, converted to Arc/Info, then edge-matched and assigned with state river identifiers. Customization of this dataset for Minnesota was done by LMIC and  DNR.

National Atlas Water Data

USGS

North America 1:2,000,000 Various Vector GIS, Maps
Generalized water data such as 'Streams and Waterbodies'.

Bathymetric Data for the Upper Mississippi River System

USGS

Upper Mississippi River Various Various Raster and Vector GIS, Maps
The Long Term Resource Monitoring Program at the Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center has overseen the collection, processing, and serving of bathymetric data since 1989.

 

Quality

Name

Source*

Geographic Area

Scale

Time Period

Data Type

Description

Streams and Rivers

PCA

Statewide Various Current Text
This page provides links to various PCA stream water quality programs and data.
305b Assessments of Stream Conditions
2012 Assessed Streams GIS data

PCA

Statewide Various 2012 Text, PDF, Web Application, Vector GIS
Section 305b of the U.S. Clean Water Act requires states to estimate how well they meet the goals of the Clean Water Act as well as their own water quality standards and to share this information with people involved with watershed management. This webpage contains links to stream water quality assessment reports and interactive maps.
How's My Waterway?

EPA

Nationwide Various Current Web Application
Learn the condition of local streams, lakes and other waters quickly and in plain language using a smart phone, tablet or desktop computer. See if local waterways were checked for pollution, what was found, and what is being done. Information source: State water quality monitoring reports.

 

General

Name

Source*

Geographic Area

Scale

Time Period

Data Type

Description

General Rivers and Streams Information

DNR

Statewide N/A Current Text
The main DNR webpage that contains links to river and stream facts, FAQs, recreation, stewardship, and studies information.
Reach/Watercourse Standard MnGeo Hydrography Committee Statewide N/A 2006 Text

This standard has been developed to improve the sharing and exchange of information regarding river reaches and watercourses. It designates the reach and watercourse codes to be used for Minnesota rivers, streams, and ditches in GIS and other data applications.

*Source abbreviations:

  • DNR = Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (may be followed by the division name, e.g., "Waters" for "Division of Waters")
  • EPA = United States Environmental Protection Agency
  • FEMA = Federal Emergency Management Agency
  • LMIC = Minnesota Land Management Information Center (now MnGeo)
  • PCA = Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
  • USGS = United States Geological Survey
Geographic Data Clearinghouse