Watersheds Data for Minnesota

Image of watersheds with streams and lakes

Watersheds are composed of all the land and surface water areas that drain to a given point on a stream or river. They often define the geographic scope for hydrologic or water resource studies and provide the boundaries for aggregated data such as stream networks and the land characteristics that affect water flow and water quality.

State Watershed Data:  The primary producer of statewide watershed data is the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.  DNR has maintained and improved statewide watershed data sets since its original 1979 Watershed Mapping Project.  Many people are familiar with and have long used the 'DNR Major Watersheds' and 'DNR Minor Watersheds' datasets.

In 1998 DNR began a statewide re-mapping of watersheds, down to the level of mapping drainage areas of all lakes greater than 100 acres.  The base watershed delineation developed for this "modern" dataset is called "DNR Catchments," and is the foundation layer from which all of Modern DNR watershed layers are derived.  DNR Catchments are also used to derive the state's portion of the federal Watershed Boundary Dataset. DNR Catchments were published for distribution in 2008, and new DNR Major Watershed and DNR Minor Watershed files were published in 2009.

To eliminate confusion between modern and legacy datasets, DNR stopped distributing the historical DNR Major and Minor Watershed datasets as of July 1, 2010.

Federal Watershed Data:  The Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD) is complete nationwide and an update process is being developed.  The WBD, created by NRCS and USGS, is a set of administrative watershed units defined at several levels:

  • HUC Level 02 defines large drainage regions such as the Upper Mississippi (07), the Missouri (10), or the Great Lakes (04).
  • HUC Level 08 defines drainage units that are at the level of the familiar 'DNR Major Watersheds', for example, the Redwood River and the St. Louis River.
  • HUC Level 12 defines the smallest federal drainage units, for example, Minnehaha Creek (070102060605).  These still define larger areas than the DNR Catchments.

The Watershed Boundary Dataset has been incorporated into the National Hydrography Dataset as the base hydrologic unit boundaries for NHD hydrography features.  In Minnesota, the DNR Catchments layer was used to derive the WBD Delineations.
 

Categories

Modern Watershed Data:  Recently published watershed datasets that are considered 'state of the art'.

Legacy Watershed Data:  Statewide watershed datasets that were formerly in wide use.  This section provides a translation between legacy dataset names and modern dataset names.  Legacy data are still available from the distributor upon request.

General Information:  Background information about watersheds and watershed delineation.

 

Modern Watershed Data

Name

Source*

Geographic Area

Scale

Time Period

Data Type

Description

 

DNR Watershed Delineation  Project

DNR Waters Statewide N/A 2009 Text

This webpage describes the modern Minnesota DNR Watershed Delineation Project (formerly known as the 'Lakeshed project'). The project was started in 1998 to define watershed boundaries for all lakes in the state 100 acres or larger, and to update existing watershed boundaries using the latest GIS data available. Completed in 2009, this project created the new base-level DNR Catchments dataset as well as revised versions of the legacy DNR Major and Minor Watersheds (see next entry for data links).

DNR Modern Watersheds

DNR Level 08 Catchments

DNR Level 07 Minor Watersheds

DNR Level 04  Major Watersheds  (Federal HUC 08)

DNR Waters Statewide 1:24,000 2009 Vector GIS

DNR Catchments are the smallest delineated and digitized drainage area mapped by the Minnesota DNR Watershed Delineation Project.  Catchment boundaries are aggregated to form other DNR Watershed distribution layers, such as the modern DNR Major and Minor Watersheds.  All of these watershed delineations are nested, with Catchments being the smallest unit. The Catchments layer was also used to derive the state's WBD (see next entry).

Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD) NRCS, USGS Nationwide 1:24,000 2009 Vector GIS, Text

This is the main webpage that describes the national framework watershed dataset completed by NRCS and USGS, with assistance from states.  The WBD is a set of nested administrative watershed boundaries at six levels of detail (HUC 02 to HUC 12) that describe progressively smaller drainage areas.  This webpage contains links to data description and history, federal watershed delineation and attribution standards, and data downloads.

Boundaries of Watershed Districts and Management Organizations

BWSR

Statewide 1:24,000 2003 Vector GIS
This dataset depicts watershed district and watershed management organization boundaries in Minnesota. Watershed districts and management organizations are special governmental units created to address water management issues such as flood control, stream channel improvements, water conservation, drainage system management, sediment control, riparian area management, and water quality.
Minnesota StreamStats

USGS  - Mn

Statewide 1:24,000 2009 Application
StreamStats is a web-based GIS application that provides users with access to analytical tools useful for water planning and management.  Based on the ESRI ArcHydro data model and tools, StreamStats enables users to obtain streamflow statistics, watershed characteristics, and descriptive information for USGS stream gage stations and user-selected ungaged sites. Each state is implemented as a separate application.  Minnesota's StreamStats went online in 2009.  A StreamStats Fact Sheet is also available.  StreamStats replaces the USGS "Minnesota Interactive Watersheds" application.


Legacy Watershed Data

Note:  To eliminate confusion between the legacy and new datasets, state agencies are no longer providing links to the legacy data online.  For GIS practitioners needing to use legacy datasets (perhaps to match new and old data collections), they can be provided on request by contacting clearing.house@state.mn.us

Legacy Dataset Names

Modern Dataset Name

  • DNR Major Watersheds (MnGeo) - major99
  • Major Watershed Boundaries (DNR) - wsh_maj81py3
DNR Watersheds - DNR Level 04 - HUC 08 - Majors - wshd_lev04py3
  • DNR Minor Watersheds (MnGeo) - wshed99
  • Minnesota Watersheds (DNR) - wsh_minorpy3
DNR Watersheds - DNR Level 07 - Minors - wshd_lev07py3

no comparable file
 

DNR Watersheds - DNR Level 08 - All Catchments -wshd_lev08py3
Minnesota-wide
  • Hydrologic Unit Boundaries, USGS
    Formerly distributed by MnGeo; derived from DNR legacy data
    • 2-digit
    • 4-digit
    • 6-digit

Nationwide

  • Hydrologic Unit Codes (USGS)
    Formerly distributed by USGS as separate files
    • HUC Level 02 (Region)
    • HUC Level 04 (Subregion)
    • HUC Level 06 (Basin)
    • HUC Level 08 (Subbasin)

Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD) contains all of these nested levels of delineation, plus HUC Level 10 and HUC Level 12, in a single dataset.

Available from NRCS WBD data download page (select area of interest); also delivered as part of NHD Model 2.0 data downloads.

Watersheds, NRCS, 1999 (MnGeo) - nrcsws99  also known as NRCS 11-digit HUC WBD HUC Level 10 replaces the legacy HUC-11 file since it delineates watershed units of about the same size.

 

General

Name

Source*

Geographic Area

Scale

Time Period

Data Type

Description

Main Watersheds Page DNR Waters Statewide N/A 2006 Text

DNR's main webpage for watershed information.  It defines the concept of watersheds, explains why they are important, provides a watershed health assessment tool, and provides links to local, state and national watershed standardization and delineation efforts.

Hydrography Watershed Standard GCGI / OET Statewide N/A 2006 Text

A standard developed to provide a common convention for identifying watersheds in Minnesota.  It is intended to promote data integration within the state as well with the national framework Watershed Boundary Dataset.

Basins/Watersheds PCA Statewide N/A 2006 Text

This page links to maps and descriptions of the 10 major drainage basins and their constituent watersheds in Minnesota.  The PCA uses a basin-based approach to water quality protection and restoration.

Red River Basin Decision Information Network (RRBDIN)

IJC, USACE, and partners

Red River of the North Various 1997 Various

A web portal to internet-based decision support information for the Red River Basin, including GIS data links, static maps, high resolution digital data and a Flood Forecast Display Tool.

Minnesota River Basin
(Note that this site is all based on legacy data that is no longer distributed by DNR)
Minnesota River Basin Data Center Minnesota River Basin Various 7/1/1997 Text, Vector GIS

This link is to a clearinghouse of data about the Minnesota River Basin.  The data is intended to be used for natural resource planning and education purposes within the 37 counties that make up the river's drainage area.

*Source abbreviations:

  • BWSR = Minnesota Board of Water and Soil Resources
  • DNR = Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (may be followed by the division name, e.g., "Waters" for "Division of Waters")
  • GCGI = Minnesota Governor's Council on Geographic Information
  • LMIC = Minnesota Land Management Information Center (now MnGeo)
  • NRCS = Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States Department of Agriculture
  • OET = Office of Enterprise Technology
  • PCA = Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
  • USGS = United States Geological Survey
  • IJC = International Joint Commission (U.S. and Canada)
  • USACE = United States Army Corps of Engineers

 

 

 

Geographic Data Clearinghouse