County/Regional Geology Data for Minnesota

This webpage covers geologic data and maps for Minnesota that are generally 1:100,000 to 1:200,000 in scale and that are smaller than the state in extent.

County Geologic Atlas  &  Regional Hydrogeologic Assessment

The County Geologic Atlases and Regional Hydrogeologic Assessments are available for a number of counties. They are interrelated so are described together.

County Geologic Atlas:  A systematic study of a county's geologic and ground water resources. Geologic studies include both near-surface deposits and bedrock. Ground water studies include flow systems, aquifer capacity, ground water chemistry, and sensitivity of the ground water to pollution. In some areas sand and gravel deposits, sinkholes, or other features are studied. The atlases are generally 1:100,000-scale.

Regional Hydrogeologic Assessment:  This is similar to a County Geologic Atlas in that both geology and ground water are studied. However, an assessment covers a larger area, typically four to nine counties, in less detail. It emphasizes near-surface geologic, ground water, and pollution sensitivity mapping. The assessments are generally 1:200,000-scale.

Most atlas and assessment projects are done in two parts which are published and distributed as two separate products:

  • Part A, compiled by the Minnesota Geological Survey, covers basic bedrock and surficial geology and creates databases of information such as wells and soil borings. Part A is completed about two years before Part B.
  • Part B, compiled by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, covers hydrogeology and ground water sensitivity. Information compiled in Part A is used to create Part B.


   Part A
  • Program overview and status map
    Provides links to GIS data and finished maps covering surficial geology, stratigraphy, bedrock topography, depth-to-bedrock, subsurface geology and mineral resources.
   Part B


Aggregate Resources

Information on the location and the quality of aggregate resources (sand, gravel and crushed stone).

  • Aggregate Mapping Program
    Ongoing program of the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Lands and Minerals Division that maps the location and the quality of aggregate resources for selected counties.
    • Overview with status map and links to GIS data, finished and interactive maps.
    • Online Aggregate Mapper:  Interactive map that displays aggregate, county well, hydrography and reference data.
  • Aggregate Source Information System
    Interactive and finished maps showing gravel pits, rock quarries and commercial aggregate sources that are either pits owned by the Minnesota Department of Transportation or that are owned by others that may, or may not, be leased by Mn/DOT.
  • Aggregate Resources 1997, 2020, 2040 for the Twin Cities
    Current and projected aggregate resources for Anoka, Carver, Dakota, Hennepin, Ramsey, Scott and Washington counties.


Karst is an efficiently drained landscape that forms on soluble rock, typified by caves, sinkholes and other landforms. It is mainly, but not exclusively, formed on limestone. In Minnesota, karst is generally found in the southeastern area and in Pine County.

Karst data is often included in County Geologic Atlases and Regional Hydrogeologic Assessments (covered above); however, the following websites focus on karst.


  • Peat Inventory Maps and Reports
    Maps and reports of the quantity, quality, type, and depth of the peat deposits within Aitkin, Beltrami, Koochiching, Lake of the Woods and southwest St. Louis counties.
  • Peat Inventory Database
    Database and GIS shapefile containing information on peat inventory site location, site characteristics, peat profile, botanical origin, and lab analyses for inventory sites (21 counties).


Twin Cities Metro
Anoka, Carver, Dakota, Hennepin, Ramsey, Scott and Washington counties

Quadrangles and other local

  • Current Publications
    Detailed list of all Minnesota Geological Survey publications (with maps and links), including many specific quadrangles at several scales.
Geographic Data Clearinghouse